All 香港六合彩精准资料 members must work in accordance with the Ethical Framework. You commit to complying with the Framework when you join or renew your membership and it is the main point of reference for decisions in professional conduct hearings.

You should read it, and understand its main principles and points, before working with clients. It鈥檚 much better to build the Ethical Framework into your practice to help you face challenges and issues rather than just turning to it if something goes wrong.

It has three main sections:

  • Our commitment to clients provides a summary of working to professional standards and building an ethical relationship
  • Ethics specifies the values, principles and personal moral qualities that inform our work and underpin supervision
  • Good practice considers the application of our commitments to clients and ethics to our practice

Our commitment to clients

Clients need to be able to participate freely as they work听with practitioners of the counselling professions towards听their desired goals. This requires clients to be able to trust听their practitioner with their wellbeing and sensitive听personal information. Therefore, as members or registrants听of 香港六合彩精准资料, we take being trustworthy as a serious ethical听commitment. We have agreed that we will:

1.听Put clients first by:
a. making clients our primary concern while we are working with them
b. providing an appropriate standard of service to our clients

2.听Work to professional standards by:
a. working within our competence
b. keeping our skills and knowledge up to date
c. collaborating with colleagues to improve the quality of what is being offered to听clients
d. ensuring that our wellbeing is sufficient to sustain the quality of the work
e. keeping accurate and appropriate records

3.听Show respect by:
a. valuing each client as a unique person
b. protecting client confidentiality and privacy
c. agreeing with clients on how we will work together
d. working in partnership with clients

4.听Build an appropriate relationship with clients by:
a. communicating clearly what clients have a right to expect from us
b. communicating any benefits, costs and commitments that clients may听reasonably expect
c. respecting the boundaries between our work with clients and what lies outside听that work
d. not exploiting or abusing clients
e. listening out for how clients experience our working together

5.听Maintain integrity by:
a. being honest about the work
b. communicating our qualifications, experience and working methods accurately
c. working ethically and with careful consideration of how we fulfil our legal听obligations

6.听Demonstrate accountability and candour by:
a. being willing to discuss with clients openly and honestly any known risks听involved in the work and how best to work towards our clients鈥 desired听outcomes by communicating any benefits, costs and commitments that clients听may reasonably expect
b. ensuring that clients are promptly informed about anything that has occurred听which places the client at risk of harm or causes harm in our work together,听whether or not clients are aware of it, and quickly taking action to limit or repair听any harm as far as possible
c. reviewing our work with clients in supervision
d. monitoring how clients experience our work together and the effects of our work听with them.


1.听Our ethics are based on values, principles and personal moral qualities that听underpin and inform the interpretation and application of Our commitment to听clients and Good practice.


2.听Values are a useful way of expressing general ethical commitments that underpin the听purpose and goals of our actions.

3.听Our fundamental values include a commitment to:

  • respecting human rights and dignity
  • alleviating symptoms of personal distress and suffering
  • enhancing people鈥檚 wellbeing and capabilities
  • improving the quality of relationships between people
  • increasing personal resilience and effectiveness
  • facilitating a sense of self that is meaningful to the person(s) concerned听within their personal and cultural context
  • appreciating the variety of human experience and culture
  • protecting the safety of clients
  • ensuring the integrity of practitioner-client relationships
  • enhancing the quality of professional knowledge and its application
  • striving for the fair and adequate provision of services

4.听Values inform principles. They become more precisely defined and action-orientated听when expressed as a principle.


5.听Principles direct attention to important ethical responsibilities. Our core principles are:

  • Being trustworthy:听honouring the trust placed in the practitioner
  • Autonomy:听respect for the client鈥檚 right to be self-governing
  • Beneficence:听a commitment to promoting the client鈥檚 wellbeing
  • Non-maleficence:听a commitment to avoiding harm to the client
  • Justice:听the fair and impartial treatment of all clients and the provision of adequate services
  • Self-respect:听fostering the practitioner鈥檚 self-knowledge, integrity and care for self

6.听Ethical decisions that are strongly supported by one or more of these principles听without any contradiction with the others may be regarded as well-founded.

7.听However, practitioners may encounter circumstances in which it is impossible to听reconcile all the applicable principles. This may require choosing which principles听to prioritise. A decision or course of action does not necessarily become unethical听merely because it is controversial or because other practitioners would have reached听different conclusions in similar circumstances. A practitioner鈥檚 obligation is to consider听all the relevant circumstances with as much care as possible and to be appropriately听accountable for decisions made.

Personal moral qualities

8.听Personal moral qualities are internalised values that shape how we relate to others听and our environment. They represent a moral energy or drive that may operate听unconsciously and unexamined. This moral energy or drive is ethically more beneficial听when consciously examined from time to time and used to motivate our ethical听development or shape how we work towards a good society.

9.听鈥楶ersonal moral qualities鈥 are a contemporary application of 鈥榲irtues鈥 from moral听philosophy.

10.听The practitioner鈥檚 personal and relational moral qualities are of the utmost importance.听Their perceived presence or absence will have a strong influence on how relationships听with clients and colleagues develop and whether they are of sufficient quality and听resilience to support the work.

11.听High levels of compatibility between personal and professional moral qualities will听usually enhance the integrity and resilience of any relationship.

12.听Key personal qualities to which members and registrants are strongly encouraged to听aspire include:

  • Candour:听openness with clients about anything that places them at risk of harm or causes actual
  • Care:听benevolent, responsible and competent attentiveness to someone鈥檚 needs, wellbeing
    and personal agency
  • Courage: the capacity to act in spite of known fears, risks and uncertainty听
  • Diligence:听the conscientious deployment of the skills and knowledge needed to achieve a
    beneficial outcome
  • Empathy:听the ability to communicate understanding of another person鈥檚 experience from that
    person鈥檚 perspective
  • Fairness:听impartial and principled in decisions and actions concerning others in ways that听promote equality of opportunity and maximise the capability of the people concerned听
  • Humility:听the ability to assess accurately and acknowledge one鈥檚 own strengths and weaknesses听
  • Identity:听sense of self in relationship to others that forms the basis of responsibility, resilience听and motivation听
  • Integrity:听commitment to being moral in dealings with others, including personal听straightforwardness, honesty and coherence听
  • Resilience:听the capacity to work with the client鈥檚 concerns without being personally diminished听
  • Respect:听showing appropriate esteem for people and their understanding of themselves听
  • Sincerity:听a personal commitment to consistency between what is professed and what is done听
  • Wisdom:听possession of sound judgement that informs practice


13.听The challenge of working ethically means that practitioners will inevitably encounter听situations that require responses to unexpected issues, resolution of dilemmas, and听solutions to problems. A good understanding of the ethics that underpin our work is a听valuable resource which is helpful in making significant decisions. The use of an ethical听problem-solving model and discussion about ethics are essential to good practice.听This Ethical Framework is intended to assist practitioners by directing attention to the听variety of ethical factors that may need to be taken into consideration and to identify听alternative ways of approaching ethics that may prove more useful.

14.听No statement of ethics can eliminate the difficulty of making professional judgements听in circumstances that may be constantly changing and full of uncertainties. By听accepting this statement of ethics, members and registrants of the British Association听for Counselling and Psychotherapy are committing themselves to engaging with听the challenge of striving to be ethical, even when doing so involves making difficult听decisions or acting courageously.

Good practice

1.听As members of the 香港六合彩精准资料 (香港六合彩精准资料) we are听committed to sustaining and advancing good practice.

2.听This section of the Ethical Framework looks behind Our commitment to clients and Ethics听to consider their implications for good practice in more detail.

3.听It sets out what can be expected of all members and registrants of 香港六合彩精准资料 as practitioners听providing therapeutically-informed services, particularly coaching, counselling,听pastoral care, psychotherapy and using counselling skills. This includes being a听supervisor, trainer, educator of practitioners, or researcher of any aspect of the听counselling professions. Trainees will fulfil all the commitments to clients within the听Ethical Framework when working with members of the public as their clients. Good听practice point 81 sets out the commitments for working with other trainees to learn听new knowledge and skills.

4.听As members and registrants of 香港六合彩精准资料, we have committed ourselves to the principles听and values set out in this Ethical Framework and recognise that our membership or听registration may be at risk if we fail to fulfil our commitments.

5.听Our responsibilities are set out as full or qualified obligations. We are fully and听unconditionally committed to fulfilling a specific requirement of Good practice where听we state 鈥榳e will鈥︹ or 鈥榳e must鈥︹. Where we consider a requirement may need to be听varied for good ethical reasons, we state that 鈥榳e will usually鈥︹.

6.听We are committing ourselves to being openly accountable and willing to explain听how we have implemented any of these obligations to people with a valid interest听in our work.

Putting clients first

7.听We will make each client the primary focus of our attention and our work during our听sessions together.

8.听Any professional or personal interests that conflict with putting a client鈥檚 interests听first will be carefully considered in consultation with a supervisor, an independent听experienced colleague or, when appropriate, discussed with the client affected before听services are offered.

9.听We will give careful consideration to how we manage situations when protecting听clients or others from serious harm or when compliance with the law may require听overriding a client鈥檚 explicit wishes or breaching their confidentiality 鈥 see also 10, 55听and 64.

10.听In exceptional circumstances, the need to safeguard our clients or others from serious听harm may require us to override our commitment to making our client鈥檚 wishes and听confidentiality our primary concern. We may need to act in ways that will support any听investigations or actions necessary to prevent serious harm to our clients or others. In听such circumstances, we will do our best to respect the parts of our client鈥檚 wishes or听confidences that do not need to be overridden in order to prevent serious harm.

11.听We share a responsibility with all other members of our professions for the safety and听wellbeing of all clients and their protection from exploitation or unsafe practice. We听will take action to prevent harm caused by practitioners to any client 鈥 see also 24.

12.听We will do everything we can to develop and protect our clients鈥 trust.

Working to professional standards

13.听We must be competent to deliver the services being offered to at least fundamental听professional standards or better. When we consider satisfying professional standards听requires consulting others with relevant expertise, seeking second opinions, or making听referrals, we will do so in ways that meet our commitments and obligations for client听confidentiality and data protection.

14.听We will keep skills and knowledge up to date by:

a. reading professional journals, books and/or reliable electronic resources
b. keeping ourselves informed of any relevant research and evidence-based guidance
c. discussions with colleagues working with similar issues
d. reviewing our knowledge and skills in supervision or discussion with experienced听practitioners
e. regular continuing professional development to update knowledge and skills
f. keeping up to date with the law, regulations and any other requirements, including听guidance from this Association, relevant to our work

15.听We will keep accurate records that:

  • are adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary for the type of service being听provided
  • comply with the applicable data protection requirements 鈥 see 听(

16.听We will collaborate with colleagues over our work with specific clients where this is听consistent with client consent and will enhance services to the client.

17.听We will work collaboratively with colleagues to improve services and offer mutual听support 鈥 see 56鈥59 Working with colleagues and in teams.

18.听We will maintain our own physical and psychological health at a level that enables us to听work effectively with our clients 鈥 see 91 Care of self as a practitioner.

19.听We will be covered by adequate insurance when providing services directly or听indirectly to the public.

20.听We will fulfil the ethical principles and values set out in this Ethical Framework听regardless of whether working online, face-to-face or using any other methods of听communication. The technical and practical knowledge may vary according to how听services are delivered but all our services will be delivered to at least fundamental听professional standards or better.


21.听We will respect our clients鈥 privacy and dignity.

22.听We will respect our clients as people by providing services that:

a. endeavour to demonstrate equality, value diversity and ensure inclusion for all clients
b. avoid unfairly discriminating against clients or colleagues
c. accept we are all vulnerable to prejudice and recognise the importance of self-inquiry,听personal feedback and professional development
d. work with issues of identity in open-minded ways that respect the client鈥檚 autonomy听and be sensitive to whether this is viewed as individual or relational autonomy
e. challenge assumptions that any sexual orientation or gender identity is inherently听preferable to any other and will not attempt to bring about a change of sexual听orientation or gender identity or seek to suppress an individual鈥檚 expression of听sexual orientation or gender identity
f. make adjustments to overcome barriers to accessibility, so far as is reasonably听possible, for clients of any ability wishing to engage with a service
g. recognise when our knowledge of key aspects of our client鈥檚 background, identity or听lifestyle is inadequate and take steps to inform ourselves from other sources where听available and appropriate, rather than expecting the client to teach us
h. are open-minded with clients who appear similar to ourselves or possess familiar听characteristics so that we do not suppress or neglect what is distinctive in their lives.

23.听We will take the law concerning equality, diversity and inclusion into careful听consideration and strive for a higher standard than the legal minimum.

24.听We will challenge colleagues or others involved in delivering related services whose听views appear to be unfairly discriminatory and take action to protect clients, if听necessary 鈥 see 11.

25.听We will do all that we reasonably can to ensure that our clients are participating on a听voluntary basis. Hesitant clients or clients who feel under pressure from other people听or agencies to work with us will have their reservations acknowledged and taken into听account in how services are offered.

26.听We will work with our clients on the basis of their informed consent and agreement. We听recognise that exceptional situations may arise where we may need to prioritise the听safety of the client or others over our client鈥檚 wishes and confidentiality 鈥 see 10.

27.听Careful consideration will be given to working with children and young people that:

a. takes account of their capacity to give informed consent, considering whether it is听appropriate to seek the consent of others who have parental responsibility for the听young person, and their best interests
b. demonstrates knowledge and skills about ways of working that are appropriate to听the young person鈥檚 development and how relationships are formed
c. demonstrates a sound knowledge of the law relevant to working with children and听young people and their human rights
d. is informed about the current culture and customs that affect parenting/care giving听and how children and young people interact with each other and other significant听people in their lives.

28.听We will give careful consideration to obtaining and respecting the consent of听vulnerable adult clients, wherever they have the capacity to give consent, or involving听anyone who provides care for these clients when appropriate.

29.听Our work with clients will be based on professional partnerships with them that aim to听increase their wellbeing, capability and/or performance.

Building an appropriate relationship

30.听We will usually provide clients with the information they ought to know in advance in听order to make an informed decision about the services they want to receive, how these听services will be delivered and how information or data about them will be protected.听Where the urgency or seriousness of the situation requires us to intervene before听providing such information, we will do so at the first appropriate opportunity.

31.听We will give careful consideration to how we reach agreement with clients and will听contract with them about the terms on which our services will be provided. Attention听will be given to:

a. reaching an agreement or contract that takes account of each client鈥檚 expressed听needs and choices so far as possible
b. communicating terms and conditions of the agreement or contract in ways easily听understood by the client and appropriate to their context
c. stating clearly how a client鈥檚 confidentiality and privacy will be protected and any听circumstances in which confidential or private information will be communicated to听others
d. providing the client with a record or easy access to a record of what has been agreed听
e. keeping a record of what has been agreed and of any changes or clarifications when听they occur
f. being watchful for any potential contractual incompatibilities between agreements听with our clients and any other contractual agreements applicable to the work being听undertaken and proactively strive to avoid these wherever possible or promptly听alert the people with the power or responsibility to resolve these contradictions.

32.听We will periodically review each client鈥檚 progress and, when practicable, seek our听client鈥檚 views on how we are working together.

33.听We will establish and maintain appropriate professional and personal boundaries in听our relationships with clients by ensuring that:

a. these boundaries are consistent with the aims of working together and beneficial to听the client
b. any dual or multiple relationships will be avoided where the risks of harm to the听client outweigh any benefits to the client
c. reasonable care is taken to separate and maintain a distinction between our听personal and professional presence on social media where this could result in听harmful dual relationships with clients
d. the impact of any dual or multiple relationships will be periodically reviewed听in supervision and discussed with clients when appropriate. They may also be听discussed with any colleagues or managers in order to enhance the integrity of the听work being undertaken.

34.听We will not have sexual relationships with or behave sexually towards our clients,听supervisees or trainees.

35.听We will not exploit or abuse our clients in any way: financially, emotionally, physically,听sexually or spiritually.

36.听We will avoid having sexual relationships with or behaving sexually towards people听whom we know to be close to our clients in order to avoid undermining our clients鈥櫶齮rust in us or damaging the therapeutic relationship.

37.听We will avoid continuing or resuming any relationships with former clients that could听harm the client or damage any benefits from the therapeutic work undertaken. We听recognise that conflicts of interest and issues of power or dependence may continue听after our working relationship with a client, supervisee or trainee has formally ended.听Therefore:

a. we will exercise caution before entering into personal or business relationships with听former clients
b. we will avoid sexual or intimate relationships with former clients or people close to听them. Exceptionally, such a relationship will only be permissible following careful听consideration in supervision and, whenever possible, following discussion with听experienced colleagues or others concerned about the integrity of the counselling听professions, when:

  • enough time has elapsed or the circumstances of the people concerned have听sufficiently changed to establish a distinction between the former and proposed听new relationship听
  • any therapeutic dynamics from the former relationship have been sufficiently听resolved to enable beginning a different type of relationship. (This may not听be possible with some clients or inappropriate to some therapeutic ways of听working.)听
  • an equivalent service to the one provided by the practitioner is available to the听former client, should this be wanted in future
  • the practitioner has taken demonstrable care in ensuring that the new听relationship has integrity and is not exploitative

c. We will be professionally accountable if the relationship becomes detrimental to听the former client or damages the standing of the profession

Breaks and endings

38.听We will inform clients about any fixed limits to the duration or number of sessions as听part of the contracting process.

39.听We will endeavour to inform clients well in advance of approaching endings and be听sensitive to our client鈥檚 expectations and concerns when we are approaching the end听of our work together.

40.听We will inform clients in advance of any planned breaks in working together, for听example, holidays or medical treatments, and give as much notice as possible.

41.听Any unplanned breaks due to illness or other causes will be managed in ways to听minimise inconveniencing clients and, for extended breaks, may include offering to put听clients in touch with other practitioners.

42.听In the event of death or illness of sufficient severity to prevent the practitioner听communicating directly with clients, we will have appointed someone to communicate听with clients and support them in making alternative arrangements where this is听desired. The person undertaking this work will be bound by the confidentiality agreed听between the practitioner and client, and will usually be a trusted colleague, a specially听appointed trustee or a supervisor.


43.听We will maintain high standards of honesty and probity in all aspects of our work.

44.听We will be as open and as communicative with our clients, colleagues and others as is听consistent with the purpose, methods and confidentiality of the service.

45.听Whenever we communicate our qualifications, professional experience and working听methods, we will do so accurately and honestly. All reasonable requests for this听information will be answered promptly.

46.听We will give conscientious consideration to the law and how we fulfil any legal听requirements concerning our work 鈥 see also 14f, 23 and 70.听

47.听We will promptly notify this Association about any criminal charges or disciplinary听procedures brought against us. We will also notify this Association of civil claims arising听from work in the counselling professions, or if we have been declared bankrupt.

48.听We will avoid any actions that will bring our profession into disrepute.

49.听We will encourage clients to raise any concerns about our work with them at the听earliest possible opportunity, give any concerns careful consideration and, when听appropriate, attempt to resolve them. Clients will be informed of any applicable听complaints processes open to them including the Professional Conduct Procedures of听this Association.

Accountability and candour

50.听We will take responsibility for how we offer our clients opportunities to work towards听their desired outcomes and the safety of the services we provide or have responsibility听for overseeing.

51.听We will discuss with clients how best to work towards their desired outcomes and any听known risks involved in the work.

52.听We will ensure candour by being open and honest about anything going wrong and听promptly inform our clients of anything in our work that places clients at risk of harm,听or has caused them harm, whether or not the client(s) affected are aware of what has听occurred by:

a. taking immediate action to prevent or limit any harm
b. repairing any harm caused, so far as possible
c. offering an apology when this is appropriate
d. notifying and discussing with our supervisor and/or manager what has occurred
e. investigating and take action to avoid whatever has gone wrong being repeated

53.听We will consider carefully in supervision how we work with clients 鈥 see 60鈥73.

54.听We will monitor how clients experience our work together and the effects of the work听with them in ways appropriate to the type of service being offered.


55.听We will protect the confidentiality and privacy of clients by:

a. actively protecting information about clients from unauthorised access or disclosure
b. informing clients about how the use of personal data and information that they听share with us will be used and who is within the circle of confidentiality, particularly听with access to personally identifiable information
c. requiring that all recipients of personally identifiable information have agreed to听treat such information as confidential in accordance with any legal requirements and听what has been agreed with the client at the time of disclosure
d. informing clients about any reasonably foreseeable limitations of privacy or听confidentiality in advance of our work together, for example, communications to听ensure or enhance the quality of work in supervision or training, to protect a client听or others from serious harm including safeguarding commitments, and when legally听required or authorised to disclose
e. taking care that all contractual requirements concerning the management and听communication of client information are mutually compatible
f. ensuring that disclosure of personally identifiable information about clients is听authorised by client consent or that there is a legally and ethically recognised听justification
g. using thoroughly anonymised information about clients where this provides a听practical alternative to sharing identifiable information

Working with colleagues and in teams

56.听Professional relationships will be conducted in a spirit of mutual respect. We will听endeavour to build good working relationships and systems of communication that听enhance services to clients.

57.听Practitioners will treat colleagues fairly and foster their capability and equality of听opportunity.

58.听Practitioners will not undermine any colleague鈥檚 relationship with clients by making听unjustifiable or ill-judged comments.

59.听All communications between colleagues about clients should be on a professional听basis and thus purposeful, respectful and consistent with the management of听confidences agreed with clients.


60.听Supervision is essential to how practitioners sustain good practice throughout their听working life. Supervision provides practitioners with regular and ongoing opportunities听to reflect in depth about all aspects of their practice in order to work as effectively,听safely and ethically as possible. Supervision also sustains the personal resourcefulness听required to undertake the work.

61.听Good supervision is much more than case management. It includes working in depth听on the relationship between practitioner and client in order to work towards desired听outcomes and positive effects. This requires adequate levels of privacy, safety and听containment for the supervisee to undertake this work. Therefore a substantial part or听preferably all of supervision needs to be independent of line management.

62.听Supervision requires additional skills and knowledge to those used for providing听services directly to clients. Therefore supervisors require adequate levels of expertise听acquired through training and/or experience. Supervisors will also ensure that they听work with appropriate professional support and their own supervision.

63.听All supervisors will model high levels of good practice for the work they supervise,听particularly with regard to expected levels of competence and professionalism,听relationship building, the management of personal boundaries, any dual relationships,听conflicts of interest and avoiding exploitation.

64.听All communications concerning clients made in the context of supervision will be听consistent with confidentiality agreements with the clients concerned and compatible听with any applicable agency policy.

65.听Careful consideration will be given to the undertaking of key responsibilities for clients听and how these responsibilities are allocated between the supervisor, supervisee and听any line manager or others with responsibilities for the service provided. Consideration听needs to be given to how any of these arrangements and responsibilities will be听communicated to clients in ways that are supportive of and appropriate to the work听being undertaken. These arrangements will usually be reviewed at least once a year, or听more frequently if required.

66.听Trainee supervision will require the supervisor to collaborate with training and听placement providers in order to ensure that the trainee鈥檚 work with clients satisfies听professional standards. The arrangements for collaboration will usually be agreed and听discussed with the trainee in advance of working with clients.

67.听When supervising qualified and/or experienced practitioners, the weight of听responsibility for ensuring that the supervisee鈥檚 work meets professional standards听will primarily rest with the supervisee.

68.听Supervisors and supervisees will periodically consider how responsibility for work听with clients is implemented in practice and how any difficulties or concerns are听being addressed.

69.听The application of this Ethical Framework to the work with clients will be discussed in听supervision regularly and not less than once a year.

70.听Supervisors will conscientiously consider the application of the law concerning听supervision to their role and responsibilities.

71.听Supervisors will keep accurate records of key points discussed in supervision.

72.听Supervisees have a responsibility to be open and honest in supervision and to draw听attention to any significant difficulties or challenges that they may be facing in their听work with clients. Supervisors are responsible for providing opportunities for their听supervisees to discuss any of their practice-related difficulties without blame or听unjustified criticism and, when appropriate, to support their supervisees in taking听positive actions to resolve difficulties.

73.听Supervision is recommended to anyone working in roles that require regularly giving or听receiving emotionally challenging communications, or engaging in relationally complex听and challenging roles.

Training and education

74.听All trainers will have the skills, attitudes and knowledge required to be competent听teachers and facilitators of learning for what is being provided.

75.听Any information about the teaching, education or learning opportunities being听provided will be accurate and enable potential students to make an informed choice.

76.听Any selection of students will be fair, respectful and transparent to candidates and use听procedures designed to select suitable students.

77.听Any assessments of students will be fair, respectful and provide reasoned explanations听for the outcome to the students.

78.听Care will be taken when using examples of work with clients for teaching purposes that听the client information is used with the consent of the person or sufficiently anonymised听so that the person concerned cannot be identified by any means reasonably likely to be听used.

79.听Trainers and educators will model high levels of good practice in their work, particularly听with regard to expected levels of competence and professionalism, relationship听building, the management of personal boundaries, any dual relationships, conflicts of听interest and avoiding exploitation.

80.听Trainers and educators will encourage trainees to raise any concerns at the earliest听opportunity and have processes and policies for addressing any trainee鈥檚 concerns.听Trainers and educators are responsible for providing opportunities for trainees to听discuss any of their practice-related difficulties without blame or unjustified criticism听and, when appropriate, to support trainees in taking positive actions to resolve听difficulties.


81.听Trainees working with each other will:

a. relate respectfully to others and endeavour to support each others鈥 learning
b. follow good ethical practice when working with each other, for example when听practising skills or in personal development听

82.听In the interests of openness and honesty with clients:

a. trainees on a practitioner-qualifying course working with clients will inform clients听(or ensure that clients have been informed) that they are trainees
b. trainees who are undertaking post-qualification CPD or further training will be听guided by any applicable training requirements when using their professional and听ethical judgement about whether to inform clients that they are in training

83.听All trainees will:

a. seek their clients鈥 permission to use any information from work with them for听training purposes, for example, in presentations, case studies or as assessed听practice. Alternatively, any report of work undertaken will be so thoroughly听anonymised that the identity of the person concerned cannot be identified by any听means reasonably likely to be used. Consent is required if anonymity cannot be听assured or when required by the training provider鈥檚 instructions or regulations.
b. ensure that they deliver services that satisfy the minimum professional standards听when working as practitioners with members of the public. This standard may be听achieved with the assistance of appropriate professional support.
c. collaborate with their trainers, placement providers, supervisors and other听professional advisers to provide services to their clients that satisfy professional听standards by being undertaken with reasonable care and skill
d. be watchful for any incompatibilities between contractual requirements that have听implications for work with clients, for example, between agreements with clients,听training providers and placements, and seek appropriate support in order to ensure听that all contractual requirements are compatible
e. be open and honest with trainers, placement providers and supervisors about all听issues relevant to their selection, training, supervision and professional practice


84.听We value research and systematic inquiry by practitioners as enhancing our听professional knowledge and providing an evidence-base for practice in ways that听benefit our clients.

85.听We will usually support and provide opportunities for research if it is compatible with听the services we provide.

86.听When undertaking research we will be rigorously attentive to the quality and integrity听of the research process, the knowledge claims arising from the research and how the听results are disseminated.

87.听All research that we undertake will be guided by the 香港六合彩精准资料 Ethical Guidelines for听Research in the Counselling Professions.

88.听All participants in research will do so on the basis of explicit informed consent.

89.听All research will be reviewed in advance to ensure that the rights and interests of听participants have been considered independently of the researcher.

90.听The research methods used will comply with standards of good practice in any services听being delivered and will not adversely affect clients.

Care of self as a practitioner

91.听We will take responsibility for our own wellbeing as essential to sustaining good听practice with our clients by:

a. taking precautions to protect our own physical safety
b. monitoring and maintaining our own psychological and physical health, particularly听that we are sufficiently resilient and resourceful to undertake our work in ways that听satisfy professional standards
c. seeking professional support and services as the need arises
d. keeping a healthy balance between our work and other aspects of life

Responding to ethical dilemmas and issues

92.听We recognise that professional and ethical issues, problems and dilemmas will arise听from time to time and are an unavoidable part of our practice.

93.听We will use our supervision and any other available professional resources to support听and challenge how we respond to such situations. We will give careful consideration to听the best approaches to ethical problem-solving.

94.听We will take responsibility for considering how best to act in such situations and will be听ready to explain why we decided to respond in the way we did.